Key terms: Wood frames
Finishing refers to various kinds of treatment performed on wood in the making of custom wood picture frames to give it a desired appearance.
Gesso is a molded plaster used to create detailed ornamentation on custom wood picture frames; it’s also used to prepare a wood surface for painting.
Stain is used to color the grain of a wood picture frame with a matte finish. It’s particularly effective in highlighting the character of the grain of oak, cherry, maple, and walnut when it seeps into the pores of the wood.
Paint sits on the surface of the wood and hides the wood grain entirely. It’s available in many colors and in different levels of sheen, from matte to high gloss.
Gilding is a thin coating of gold or silver leaf to the moulding of a wood picture frame. This decorative technique has been used since the 12th century.
Distressing (or washing) is a technique in which a final coat of paint of a custom wood picture frame is sanded and battered to create an aged look.
Antiquing is a finishing technique used to give a wood picture frame the apperance of being older than it actually is.
Laquer is a protective coating consisting of resin and sometimes has pigment added.
At American Frame, we want to make sure you understand every word when you’re shopping for framing products and services. For more framing terminology, check out our glossary. Need more info? Please feel free to contact customer service with questions.